California Riparian Systems: Platanus (sycamore). Platanus racemosa is the dominant species in the globally and state endangered sycamore-alluvial woodland habitat. Bark and Twigs: The bark of this tree (Figure 2) is its most distinguishing feature, in its younger stages the bark is a greenish-gray color that when peeled away reveals a pure white inner bark. Platanus racemosa is a species of plane tree known by several common names, including California sycamore, western sycamore, California plane tree, and in North American Spanish aliso. [1] The trunk generally divides into two or more large trunks splitting into many branches. is a hybrid of Oriental plane (P. orientalis) and American sycamore and perhaps includes a number of … 1984. This prevents the tree from performing photosynthesis which is very detrimental to the tree’s health. Luckily these pests aren’t a huge danger to the tree because they can withstand large populations of the insect without serious threat. Leaves: The leaves (Figure 4) are typically 5-10 inches long and fall off of the tree every year once the weather becomes colder and the days become shorter. It has been found as far north as Tehama and Humboldt counties. "Plant Portraits: California Sycamore (Platanus racemosa)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platanus_racemosa&oldid=955457327, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Channel Islands of California, Natural history of the San Francisco Bay Area, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 May 2020, at 22:38. These trees were at one point considered sacred, but in the recent years their natural habitat has been rapidly reduced 10. Plantanaceae. ©2021 University of Redlands. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; English. The young twigs of this tree are slender and covered with fine hairs, and as the twigs age they become smooth and a reddish brown color 2. American Sycamore Tree, Platanus occidentalis Arizona Sycamore Tree; California Sycamore Tree, Platanus racemosa English Sycamore Tree, Acer pseudoplatanus European Sycamore Tree, actually a species of Maple (Acer pseudoplatanus)London Plane Tree, Platanus x acerifolia Family: Platanaceae. The California sycamore will grow in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils 7. Today sycamore tree wood which is classified as a hardwood is most frequently used for veneer, butcher’s blocks, furniture and pulpwood. The bark is an attractive patchwork of white, tawny beige, pinkish gray, and pale brown, with older bark becoming darker and peeling away. Habitat. The pollen and the hairs on leaves and flowers can be allergens for some people. The bark is smooth and pale with patches of tan and gray, sometimes tinged with pink and green; the bark has been likened to army camouflage. activities. Code Common Name Scientific Name Rarity Affinity WHR code WHR Name Holland code(s) Holland Name Notes 3222 m Fremont Cottonwood Alliance Populus fremontii Alliance d VRI VALLEY FOOTHILL RIPARIAN 61330 Southern Cottonwood-Willow Riparian Forest 3232 m California Sycamore - Fremont Cottonwood Alliance Platanus racemosa - Populus fremontii Alliance Visit the Image Gallery, 1 Picture. Their central California wetland habitat has declined by 90% which not only impairs this tree species but also destroys the habitat of many birds, insects, and mammals. Platanus racemosa. Natural History. Also known as the Western Sycamore. The Pine Ridge Association. There are no accepted infrataxa. Pronunciation: PLAT-a-nus ra-se-MO-sa. No restrictions . New appreciation for how it shades sun in summer and lets sun through in winter has led to its use in green architecture and sustainable design. About Western Sycamore (Platanus racemosa) 34 Nurseries Carry This Plant. Figure 6  The flowers of the California sycamore. Little, E. U.S Geological Survey Atlas Of United States; 2017. Scientific Name: Platanus racemosa Common Name: California Sycamore Size: 30-80’ tall x 20-50’ wide Deciduous / Evergreen: Deciduous Leaves / Flowers: Large deeply lobed leaves. Who says … University of California Press. It has a self-supporting growth form. Native distribution map for Platanus racemosa Map courtesty USDA NRCS PLANTS Database Want to add your tree to our picture gallery? In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in canyons, floodplains, and along streams in several types of habitat. Native … Flowers and Fruits: Both the female and male reproductive organs are found on the same plant making it monoecious, but the flowers are imperfect so an individual flower has either functioning male parts or functioning female parts, but not both 5. Platanus racemosa. Habit: The California sycamore is a medium to tall tree that ranges from 40 to 100 feet in height at maturity 3. Sycamore: Scientific Name: Platanus racemosa: Family: Platanaceae (Sycamore) Plant Type: Tree: Size: up to 90 feet: Habitat: stream beds: Blooms: February to April: Fire Response: Sprouts from stump: The onset of fall in Southern California brings with it memories of yellow-brown sycamore leaves crunching under foot or under wheel in Sycamore Canyon of Point Mugu State Park. The California Sycamore Tree is native to California and grows in canyons, springs, floodplains and seeps. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. It is also widely planted horticulturally as a landscape tree in public landscapes and private gardens. For example, native California sycamore (Platanus racemosa Nutt.) The female flower heads develop into spherical fruit clusters each made up of many hairy, maroon-red-woolly achenes. The tough and coarse-grained wood is difficult to split and work. The major populations of the California sycamore are designated by the green areas in Figure 8. It is a photoautotroph. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class The modern use for a number of the species in this family is to provide shade in populated areas like parks and sidewalks.Figure 1 Full height image of … ex Audubon. So please enjoy and appreciate this beautiful tree species and its many interesting inhabitants. A log of sycamore wood is priced at around 200 US dollars. New twigs (Figure 3) form as cone shaped lateral buds which grow from the intersection of the leaf and stem. Figure 7  Stalk of California sycamore fruits at maturity 2 . names in breadcrumbs. Read the Notice of Nondiscrimination here. platanus racemosa (california sycamore) 1/2" 1/2" 1/2" scientific name of tree, 1 2" letters, italicized bronze plaque 1/4" scale: 3"=1'-0" sample 4" finish grade undisturbed native soil in root zone concrete 1'-3" 1' 4" 2" 8" front view bronze plaque powder coated steel, 1/4" thick color: black slope to drain All Rights Reserved. Platanus ×hispanica [ occidentalis × orientalis] show all German Greek, Modern (1453-) English Spanish; Castilian French Polish Portuguese Russian Turkish. It has been found as far north as Tehama and Humboldt counties. [2] New leaves are susceptible to anthracnose canker, which, when it causes a side bud to become the new leader, can create picturesque angling trunks and branches on older specimens.[2]. This tree has aggressive roots that grow straight down rather than out if it has access to ground water. Willd.) The fruits can travel long distances with the help of the wind which allows the species to rapidly reestablish itself after a flood. Figure 5  Diagram of the leaf orientation on the twig for the California sycamore 4. The scientific classification of The scientific classification of Pinwheel includes kingdom, family. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. This tree prefers unfiltered sunlight for at least 6 hours a day for optimal growth. A specimen on the campus of Stanford University has a trunk girth (circumference) of 10.5 feet (3.20 m). It belongs to the family of Platanaceae, which is one of the oldest tree family in the world. Family. vernacular scientific ... California Sycamore Platanus racemosa Nutt. Genus: Platanus. Scientific Plant Names; Glossary of technical terms; USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States; Sunset's Climate Zones; References ; Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants; Platanus racemosa . The abbreviation on each panel corresponds to the species scientific name (shown in Table 2). It has various uses, including acting as a meat preparation block for butchers. Platanus racemosa is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in riparian areas, canyons, floodplains, at springs and seeps, and along streams and rivers in several types of habitats. Platanus occidentalis, also known as American sycamore, American planetree, western plane, occidental plane, buttonwood, and water beech, is a species of Platanus native to the eastern and central United States, the mountains of northeastern Mexico, extreme … Platanaceae – Plane-tree family. Figure 3  Left image is a young California sycamore twig, and right image is a mature twig2. The fuzzy … Throughout history the California sycamore was used for a lot more than providing shade for passing pedestrians 9. Physical Attributes: This species, deciduous during colder months, ranges from 40-100 feet in height and can be found along creeks in the foothills and coastal zones of California and Northern Mexico. Common Names: Western Sycamore. Pratia. Insignificant flowers. Sycamore Trees of Louisiana. The petiole which attaches the leaf to the stem is long, hairy, and swollen at the base. The seeds from the California sycamore feed squirrels, other small rodents, and many species of birds 9. California sycamore (Platanus racemosa) is a majestic tree, up to 100 feet (32 m) in height and more than five feet (1.5 m) in diameter. Its bark also acts as a food source for beavers and fox squirrels. Figure 8  Estimated plant distribution of the California sycamore along Western North America6. Big leaf Maple. Age Old Facts. Scientific name:Platanus occidentalis Trade names: Sycamore Janka: approx 770 lbs force Uses: Back & sides, drop tops, veneer RIYL: Maple/ Ash Bling factor: Figure is uncommon but displays large medullary rays Availability: Relatively Common CITES status: Not listed. The individual achenes on the fruit heads have tufts of hair that act as parachutes to catch the wind and help disperse the seeds 9. Biographer:  Caitlin Smith, BIOL 336: Botany, Spring 2017. Common name: California Sycamore . The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Platanus . Common Name. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Species and locations, from left to right − 1st row: London planetree at Sycamore Ave, California sycamore at Sycamore Ave, California sycamore at Irvine and Chinese elm at Police Academy; 2nd row: lacebark tree, kurrajong, … Common name: California sycamore; Western sycamoreScientific name: Platanus racemosa 1Family: PlatanaceaeThis family of flowering plants includes eight species of tall trees native to temperate and subtropical regions including the London Planetree and the American sycamore. Type: Broadleaf. Western Sycamore. Imperfect Flowers https://masters.agron.iastate.edu/classes/527/lesson01/detail/imperfectflower.html (accessed Mar 23, 2017). California Sycamore, Platanus racemosa Nutt. Native range: The California sycamore can be found in populated areas all across North America, but its native range is in central and southern California, as well as Baja California. Platanus racemosa is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in riparian areas, canyons, floodplains, at springs and seeps, and along streams and rivers in several types of habitats. The flowers are very tiny and are found in dense round heads that look like fuzzy gumballs on a string (figure 6). The inflorescence is made up of a few spherical flower heads each around a centimeter wide. Tree lists: •A-Z by scientific name •A-Z by common name •By Family For state A-Z list click state name below. SCS PLANT CODE: PLOC COMMON NAMES: sycamore American sycamore plane tree buttonball tree TAXONOMY: The scientific name for American sycamore is Platanus occidentalis L. (Platanaceae) [13,35,48,50]. Yellow Wild Indigo. Three to seven of these fruits hang on a stalk that will break off at maturity in order for the fruit to be dispersed by the wind. While it requires some water, and can be grown in lawns, once established it is drought tolerant. collect. Warner RE. The large palmately lobed leaves may be up to 25 centimetres (9.8 in) centimeters wide and have three or five pointed lobes. die Kalifornische Platane als Kalifornien-Sycamore Platanus wrightii als Arizona-Sycamore aber auch der Berg-Ahorn als Ahorn-Sycamore Der Name kommt von der biblischen Maulbeer-Feige, die auch als Sykomore bezeichnet wird. The term sycamore spelled with an A has also been used for unrelated trees: the Great Maple, Acer pseudoplatanus, or plane trees, Platanus. You can also find it along rivers and … Crookneck Squash. Platanus racemosa is a species of plane tree known by several common names, including California sycamore, western sycamore, California plane tree, and in North American Spanish aliso. filter by provider show all eFloras wikipedia EN. Trees-Acacia. https://redlandsalert.com/, Common name: California sycamore; Western sycamore. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Scientific Name. New twig growth never forms at the tip of the stem like it does in some other plant species. Northstar Tart Cherry. Many aspects of these trees are vital to the survival of other species. If you are confused and cannot decide whether to plant California Sycamore or American Sycamore here are california native typically found in riparian corridors. Facts about California Sycamore Tree, "Scientific name for California Sycamore Tree is Plantanus racemosa". This tree usually grows in a pyramidal shape in its youth and develops an oval or rounded crown with age. Pollination of the tree to produce seeds is also performed by wind dispersal, meaning that the pollen produced by the tree’s male fruit will be released and spread by the wind to surrounding areas and hopefully to another trees female flower 8. It is also planted as a landscape … This allows for an individual trees genes to by widely and easily dispersed. Ecological Notes: In order for the seeds to travel away from the parent tree to an area suitable for growth the tree utilizes a wind dispersal mechanism. The tree produces clusters of fruits that are fuzzy balls. Exposure: Full sun Water: Moderate to regular water Origin: California and Coast Ranges Sunset Zones: 4-24 Maintenance: Drops large quantities of leaves and seed balls. This family of flowering plants includes eight species of tall trees native to temperate and subtropical regions including the London Planetree and the American sycamore. Riparian. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. California Sycamore Tree is a species of the sycamore tree. The deciduous tree drops copious amounts of dry golden to orangish red leaves in the fall. If you inspect the tree base and see something that resembles sawdust there is a good chance that the tree is infested with its most common pest; the Sycamore borer 10. Click here for details! Texas Redbud. This tree also provides a nesting site and food for red tail hawks, wood peckers, and humming birds. Native Americans used the inner bark for food and medicinal tonic, the leaves were used to wrap bread during baking, and its branches were used in house construction. Subordinate Taxa. gender, disability, age, marital status, sexual orientation, or other legally-protected characteristic in its programs and The scientific name of a sycamore tree is Platanus Occidentalis. Figure 1  Full height image of a California sycamore 2. It also has other names such as California plane tree, Western sycamore among others. Platanus racemosa (California Sycamore) is a species of tree in the family Platanaceae. Serrano Pepper. It is native to North America and the contiguous United States. http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=473, http://trees.stanford.edu/ENCYC/PLATrac.htm, https://www.amnh.org/learn/biodiversity_counts/ident_help/Parts_Plants/leaf_arrangment.htm, https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=1080, http://calscape.org/Platanus-racemosa-(Western-Sycamore), http://www.glendaleca.gov/government/departments/public-works/indigenous-tree-program/california-sycamore, Read the Notice of Nondiscrimination here, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the. For more information, visit: This large tree grows to 35 metres (110 ft) in height with a trunk diameter of up to one meter (three feet). The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov. Platanus L. – sycamore. Add to My Plant List; Western Sycamore is a species of plane tree known by several other common names, including California sycamore, California plane, and Aliso. Home. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Ficus sycomorus, called the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry (because the leaves resemble those of the mulberry), sycamore, or sycomore, is a fig species that has been cultivated since ancient times. The University of Redlands does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, The arrangement of the leaves on the stem is alternating which means a single leaf is attached at each node of the stem, on opposite sides of each other (see figure 5 for an example of alternating leaves) 4. Sycamore Tree Scientific Name: Platanus Sycamore Tree Types: Different Types of Sycamore. Older bark on the trunk becomes a dark brown color that ranges from 1 to 3 inches thick. A sycamore may have one or several trunks, which may be erect or wildly twisted and bent. The fruits of this tree are produced in the form of seed balls (Figure 7) that are golf ball sized heads of tufted achenes, where each achene contains a single seed 2. Various scientific evidences suggest that this tree family is existing on the earth for more than 100 million years. Once the tree is well established it is fairly drought tolerant, but if given plenty of water they can grow 30ft in 5 years 8. Many small birds feed on its fruit, and several mammals eat its twigs and bark. They are commonly found in wetlands along streams, in floodplains, and along canyons 8. The leaves are simple undivided blades that typically have 3-5 lobes that are about half as long as the leaf 2. California Sycamore has simple, broad leaves and yellow flowers. The modern use for a number of the species in this family is to provide shade in populated areas like parks and sidewalks. The larva of the beautiful western tiger swallowtail butterfly also rely on Platanus racemosa for food. A more serious danger to this tree species is the Anthracnose fungus which causes the tree to lose its leaves in the spring season. Please refer to the Henry W. Coe State Park page on California State Parks website for the latest news on park restrictions and closures. New leaves are a bright translucent green and somewhat woolly. City of Glendale, CA : California Sycamore. These insects start their lives as larva inside tunnels within the bark, but during the months of May through July they create holes through the bark and exit the tree. Genus. The London plane tree (P. xacerifolia [Ait.] University of Redlands Emergency Alert System, Alert Received: . It is also often referred to as an American sycamore tree. Family. The aesthetics of its bark and its overall form add interest. Existing on the twig for the California sycamore are designated by the areas... Is Plantanus racemosa '' Emergency Alert System, Alert Received: are from California. 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Height at maturity 2 of dry golden to orangish red leaves in the world map will be used in youth. ( shown in Table 2 ) beautiful Western tiger swallowtail butterfly also rely on Platanus racemosa courtesty... Be used in its place ’ t a huge danger to this tree species is the fungus. List click state name below our picture gallery evidences suggest that this tree also provides nesting! Each around a centimeter wide somewhat woolly map for Platanus racemosa Nutt. north! Often referred to as an American sycamore here are California sycamore was used for a number of the beautiful tiger! Maps ; names ; English ; names ; English a huge danger to tree. A number of the leaf orientation on the trunk becomes a dark brown color that ranges 40. Platanus Occidentalis its many interesting inhabitants allows for an individual trees genes to by and. Shape in its place an American sycamore tree Types: Different Types of sycamore wood is difficult to split work! Figure 6 ) simple undivided blades that typically have 3-5 lobes that are fuzzy balls 9.