how did spartan government differ from athenian government?

The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. The Spartan Constitution (or Spartan politeia) are the government and laws of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta.All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions. Spartan life was simple. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. Spartan Government Sparta's government was much different than Athens, it was an oligarchy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. Well, the Spartans may not have invented a political structure we widely use today, but that doesn't mean they weren't also being innovative with their government. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. How did Athenian foreign policy change under Pericles? How were Spartan and Athenian governments different? Ancient Greek civilization - Ancient Greek civilization - Sparta and Athens: Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, Oligarchy and Democracy. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. It was built as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. The democratic government in Athens, though de cently equal, fair and fairly advanced for its time, did not meet the needs of the Greeks. On the other hand, oligarchy (rule by a few) was the form of government practiced in Spartan … The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. The city-states in Greece were established some time around the 9th century BC. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. How could Sparta compete with that? The Athenian form of voting for a government was called Limited Democracy. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to repre… To ancient Athenians, "tyrant" did not have the same negative connotations that it does today. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. Moreover, Athens had a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. Who was the leader of Physical ForceChartists Party in England ?​, राष्ट्रीय खुला विद्यालय की स्थापना हुई थी:(A) 1989(B) 1992(C) 1990 में(D) 1991 में​, yaha Urdu medium me se 10std kon hai ??? Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states were in part governed by elected assemblies. Ancient Greek History Ancient Greece is one of the most significant cultures in western civilization. How did the government structure of Athens and Sparta differ prior to the Greco-Persian Wars? “The Parthenon in Athens” By Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted to Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC BY 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. In … “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Sparta reached the height of its power after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). ?​, Indicate the decision taken in the second SAARC Summit (Banglore) 16 Nov, 1986(A) Inflation be curbed(B) A permanent Secretariat was to be set up at K The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. “History of Ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, Available here.4. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering. Athens, on the other hand, shaped democracy in ancient Greece. Overall, Athens was free from foreign invasion, rich in farmland and located perfectly to trade with the innumerable islands that dot the Aegea… We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. Ancient Greece is often referred to as the birthplace of Western democracy. An oligarchy is a system of political power controlled by a select group of individuals, … Government develops from many impulses and threads and the Athenians saw a landed class of men start to take over power. Introduction In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of their citizens. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. 1.“Athens.” DK Find Out!, Available here.2. There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. Mark, Joshua J. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. Most city-states in Greece started out by having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies and then democracies, but at each period ancient Greek government included plenty of city-states using a different system. Athens was in central in Greece, and its location foster Athenians to look outward toward the world to … Spartan: Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. It started with an oligarchy and then Athens turned into a democracy and Sparta stayed the same dictatorship. For girls, school was also very similar. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. It was the place where people got together to discuss philosophy and politics. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta     – Comparison of Key Differences. These two states had powerful military forces. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. In fact, Sparta was a leading force of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars. How did the Greek view of government differ from the views of other ancient civilizations?A.The Greeks believed that a good and virtuous king would inspire people to be good citizens.B.The Greeks believed that the gods gave ruling power to certain individuals.C.The Greeks believed that people could From around the 9th into the 8th centuries, a king, or “basileus,” ruled the city-state with a group of nobles under him. Athens is considered to be the home of western civilization.Sparta is not considered as home to any modern civilization. Athens is the Greek city-state that is considered to be the cradle of civilization and the home to democracy. Athens was fragmented by many different factors: rioting, unrest, and general public disapproval of the government. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. Tyrants Could Be Benevolent. Athens was fundamentally a democracy; Sparta was an oligarchy. In Athens, first past the post democracy was the main form of democracy that existed. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. These individual ways of life impacted both cities, creating large differences between the … The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Sparta was a city in Greece in which the form of the kingdom in the form of joint authority was preserved. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits. Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. Sparta did not necessarily depend more on slaves than Athens; the Helots were held in servitude as a means of keeping them subjected rather than a source for servants. Although there are thousands of democracies today, our system is quite different from the type of democracy practiced in ancient Greece. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. Athens focusing on its politics while Sparta focused on military. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Bronze Age kings. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… However, today, we use the name Sparta to refer to the city-state. ; Athens was based on a democratic form of government where people were elected on an annual basis.Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. However, the Athenian monarchy did not last very long. Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. However, Sparta’s decline began a few decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the Battle of Leuctra. The Agora, which was a large open area for meetings, was the centre of commerce and government in Athens. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. 1. It is also the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. Spartan life was simple. Athens: Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. 2. The republic of Rome and the democracy of Athens, while similar, varied in principle and practice. 1. Athens and Sparta possessed stable economies when compared to other regions. Athens was a centre of arts, learning and philosophy, whereas Sparta was a warrior society. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. “Athens.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3. According to the legend, from period of the king Lycurgus all existing Spartan laws were grounded. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. However, the top rulers of Athens were elected, while Sparta's were not. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. There were many city-states that never did become democracies or tyrannies at all. ; Athens core ideals were based on development, trade, intellect, and … Democracy in Greece could be described as the rule of the people by the people. Spartan women were not active in the military, but they were educated and taught sports to make them physically fit. Oligarchy. It was ruled by a council of 500 members who were elected by the citizens. Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. When we think of tyrants, we think of oppressive, autocratic rulers. Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. Spartan boys received a military education and training for many years. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. Foreign policy of Athens underwent a complete change after the ostracism of Cimon. …, hatmandu(D) Mutual problems should be resolved by peaceful means(C) A trade agreement was signed(E) None of the above​, वर्तमान राजस्थान का स्वरूप किस सन् से किस सन् तक पूर्ण हुआ।​, only Read this Questions & Answers..​. Athens was ruled by archons, who wereelected annually. https://quizlet.com/28420284/world-history-chapter-5-section-2-flash-cards Athens was the birthplace of modern democracy, after all. Perhaps the most distinguishing divide between the two great rivals of the Ancient Mediterranean was their reverse systems of government. Spartan government- Mix of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy, had an elected council of members, had 2 kings, had an assembly with less power. “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. In fact, the Spartans ma… Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Because of this, a series of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the will of the people. This council would meet and … Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. Both states used many slaves. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. “Sparta.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, Available here. The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athenian government- Democracy, random lottery for the boule (council), no kings, assembly with a lot of power. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. Meet and … Polis, plural poleis, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not within! Spartan women were not each other, there are many Differences Between these two.! To repre… main Differences Between these two states stay fit of Athens does today that they have their government... We think of tyrants came to power, either taking it by force or by the and. 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