A few days later, the Regent sprung another surprise: the marriage of his own twelve-year old daughter, Louise-Elisabeth d’Orléans, to the heir to the Spanish throne, son of Philippe V. But that is another story, and the topic of another post. Marie was twenty-two years old and Louis fifteen. These lands were parallel to the confiscated Polish properties of Stanislaus. Bourbon asked the king if they should write a reply, which the King refused without the presence of Fleury. Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. After Fleury's death Louis took only a sporadic interest in government. In June 1726, Fleury convinced the king to deprive the Duke of Bourbon of his ministry. Her dislike of the match was known but ignored, as she had no dynastic connections. It is only when the Infanta crossed the Bidassoa River, which marked the border between Spain and France, and she was separated from the woman who had attended her since birth, that she lost her composure and began crying. Louis and Marie first met on the eve of their wedding, which took place on 5 September 1725, at the Château de Fontainebleau. During his visit to Versailles, she acted as an interpreter for her spouse and family who did not understand German. She had been greeted at the border by Louis XV’s beloved former governess, the Duchess of Ventadour, to whom had been assigned her French upbringing. She was a great lover of music and painting and the promoter of many artists. Louise Julie de Mailly was followed by Pauline Félicité de Mailly (1739), Marie Anne de Mailly (1742) and Diane Adélaïde de Mailly (1742). Maria Theresa and the French king were double first cousins: Louis XIV's father was Louis XIII of France, who was the brother of Maria Theresa's mother, while her father was brother to Anne of Austria, Louis XIV's mother. In 1746, the French occupied Brussels. Though the marriage, given the age of the parties, could not be consummated or even formally celebrated, it was agreed that the Infanta would be sent to France and treated as Queen there. During the last days that Louis and Françoise spent together sheaves of paper, mainly letters exchanged between husband and wife were burned. His grandfather, Louis Le Grand Dauphin, had three sons with his wife Marie Anne Victoire of Bavaria: Louis, Duke of Burgundy; Philippe, Duke of Anjou (who became King of Spain); and Charles, Duke of Berry.  Cardinal de Fleury, who had been Louis's tutor, was appointed her grand almoner. THE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION OF LOUIS XVI: A CONSEQUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, ANATOMY, OR NAÏVETÉ? Marie-Anne-Victoire is of course given the Queen’s bedchamber and apartments. About. As we know, he would soon greet a true bride, Marie Leszczynska. The cortege takes two months to reach the capital. The cavalry regiment provided by the Regent for the protection of t… de Pompadour's ladies-in-waiting. She became Queen of Portugal at a crucial time in the history of that country. in Swedish. Cheerful as usual, she leaves Versailles with her wetnurse, apparently without suspecting the true reason for this unexpected journey. Whatever happened to the children of Marie Antoinette? She responds with gracious compliments, for she is already fluent in French. Queen Mariana Vitoria died in 1781, at the age of 62. By 1670, Françoise had accepted a role raising the illegitimate children of the French King Louis XIV and his mistress, Françoise’s close friend, Madame de Montespan. During the War of the Polish Succession in 1733–1736, she supported her father's candidacy to the Polish throne, and upon her father's demand, she did her best to encourage Cardinal Fleury to support her father's candidacy, though she herself expressed to the Cardinal that she had never wished for the war and that she was an innocent cause of it because the French wished to enhance her dynastic status. Louis XV had been very impatient to marry her, was reportedly flattered to have a twenty two-year old wife at his age, and refused to allow any criticism of her appearance. At the time of his birth, Louis was third in line to the throne, behind his father and older brother.  Marie made a good impression upon the public from the beginning, such as when she handed out largesse on her way to her wedding in Fontainebleau. Louis XV, predictably, raises no objection when the Duc de Bourbon tells hi French Royal Louis XV of France was born Louis XV King of France and Navarre on 15th February, 1710 in Palace of Versailles, France and passed away on 10th May 1774 Palace of Versailles, France aged 64. Thus Louis Augustus was the King of France, Louis XV and his wife Marie Leszczynski grandson. At Versailles during the night of October 9, 1683, three months after the death of his wife, Maria Teresa of Spain, Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre, married Mme de Maintenon, the former governess of his children by his recently discarded mistress, the marquise de Montespan. m that she must be sent back to her parents sooner or later, and preferably sooner than later. The two children could not be more different: he is diffident, reserved to the point of shyness, she enjoys being the center of attention at Court. The Duc de Bourbon, after a sleepless night by the King’s bedside, seizes this opportunity to rid himself of Marie-Anne-Victoire. On their instruction, the queen called on the king to come to her chambers, where the Duke de Bourbon was present. Cardinal Fleury, however, was much more displeased, and decided that until the queen had given birth to a son, she would not be allowed to accompany the king on his trips but stay at Versailles. She was escorted on her way by Mademoiselle de Clermont, seven ladies-in-waiting, two maids-of-honour and numerous equerries and pages in a long train of coaches; however, she was not welcomed by triumphal entries, diplomatic greetings or the other official celebrations, as was normally the custom upon the arrival of a foreign princess upon a royal marriage.  Louis XV of France and his wife Marie Leszczyńska had a successful marriage and Marie gave birth to ten children, of which eight were daughters. Her children all regarded her as a role model of virtue, particularly the daughters, though Marie herself reportedly was not noted to show much affection toward them, being phlegmatic in her nature. The announcement of the wedding was not received well at the royal court. Over the following years, things change: she has lost the charm of novelty, and the King is reaching his majority at fourteen in 1723. King Louis XV of France.  Cardinal Fleury himself favored a match with Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, which was supported by the maternal grandfather of Louis XV, The King of Sardinia, through his spy the Princess of Carignan, Maria Vittoria of Savoy. The Regent was highly dominated by his lover, Madame de Prie. Four years later, she was engaged again, to the Prince of Brazil, heir of the throne of Portugal. He resorts at first to a host of obscure mistresses, which has at least the merit of relative discretion, then to the publicly flaunted services of Madame du Barry, a former courtesan who does little to enhance the dignity of the final years of his reign. Infanta Mariana Victoria, age three, was the daughter of King Philip V of Spain, himself grandson of Louis XIV, the Sun King. He is still fond of his wife, but she is beginning to look like an old lady to him. Louis XV burst into tears at the announcement, and the attendants had to insist long and hard before he whispered the expected “yes.”. She was still only eleven, but this time the marriage would indeed be celebrated, and she would bear four daughters. For the French, the boys were more important, as women could not succeed to the throne. Louis XV style, in the decorative arts, a Rococo style characterized by the superior craftsmanship of 18th-century cabinetmaking in France.The proponents of this style produced exquisite Rococo decor for the enormous number of homes owned by royalty and nobility during the reign of Louis XV.Emphasis was laid on the ensemble, so that painters and sculptors became a part of the decorative arts.  However, when the list of 17 (including Barbara of Portugal, Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine and Enrichetta d'Este) was further reduced to four, the preferred choices presented numerous problems. Louis XV was the third son of the Duke of Burgundy and his wife Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, the eldest daughter of Vi… The marriage by proxy took place on 15 August 1725 in the Cathedral of Strasbourg, Louis XV represented by his cousin the Duke of Orléans, Louis le Pieux. Norrhem, Svante (2007). Needless to say, Marie-Anne-Victoire, age three, could not read, but she nevertheless received the missive with perfect ease and poise. She was not credited with any personal significance and not given much personal attention outside of her ceremonial role as queen.  The princess' advice was that as Queen of France, it was Marie's duty was not to involve herself in political intrigues and plots, but to act as an example of virtue and piety and a role model of a "Catholic consort of the Most Christian King". Madame de Prie immediately enlisted the queen to speak to the king in favor of Bourbon. His grandfather, Louis Le Grand Dauphin, had three sons with his wife Marie Anne Victoire of Bavaria: Louis, Duke of Burgundy; Philippe, Duke of Anjou(who became King of Spain); and Charles, Duke of Berry. He felt nodesire to say goodbye, or farewell, to this most unwelcome fiancee. She unwittingly reinforces his sense of inadequacy. Stanislaus appealed to the Regent of France, the Duke of Orléans, and the Duke of Lorraine for help, with the Queen of Sweden acting as his mediator.. Soon Marie-Anne-Victoire was reassured by that familiar presence and entertained by the countless dolls and toys sent from Paris. She is too bright to be fooled and facetiously tells one of the courtiers: “The King must like you very much, for he has not said a thing to you.”.  The marriage negotiations, however, were soon overshadowed when a marriage for King Louis XV was given priority. This was regarded as an insult to the queen, because it denounced her guests as cheats; Voltaire could have been arrested for his ill-timed remark. Acceding to the throne in 1715, Louis XV came to be known as “le Bien-Aimé” (the Beloved). Marie was, finally, chosen because she was a healthy adult Catholic princess ready to procreate immediately after the wedding. Florence and George Blumenthal, New York, sold Ader, Galerie George Petit, Paris, 1-2 December 1932, lot 108. Louis claimed that he never received a dowry for his wife's hand in marriage, and the ancestral lands of her families were his for the taking.  On 17 December 1725, the Duke of Bourbon, Madame de Prie, and Paris de Verney attempted to banish Cardinal de Fleury through a plot. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.He had … His reign was marked by the decline of the prestige of the monarchy and the deepening of the crisis that eventually led to the French Revolution.. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789. Anne and Amelia of Great Britain, who were considered with the understanding that they would convert to the Catholic faith upon marriage, were favored by the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie because it was supported by their political financiers, the firm of Paris Brothers Joseph Paris Duverney.  In Sweden, the family was welcomed by the queen dowager Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp and became popular members of society life on the estates of the nobility around Kristianstad. Closely connected to the French court, their mother was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie (Marie Leszczyńska), the wife of King Louis XV. Louis’ mother served as his regent. His uncle, the future. Louis XV was the great-grandson of Louis XIV and the third son of the Duke of Burgundy (1682–1712), and his wife Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy. The king was reportedly delighted, stating that after it had been said that he could not be a father, he had suddenly become the father of two. The family lived a modest life in a large town house at the expense of the French Regent. Needless-to-say, this has given rise to a number of salacious rumours. , Marie was not described as a beauty; instead her characteristics in the marriage market were stated as those of being pleasant, well-educated, and graceful in manner and movement.  Her political activity after 1726 was limited to asking Louis XV to grant a pension or a promotion to a friend, and she often used Cardinal Fleury as a mediator to achieve this.. Devoid of political connections, his daughter was viewed by the French as being free from the burden of international alliances. By all accounts a precocious child, she learns to dine everyday in front of a crowd of strangers, for Versailles is open to all decently attired visitors. How does Marie-Anne-Victoire, now seven years old, fit in this situation? In 1722 he moved the Court and the seat of government back to the Palace of Versailles, which had been abandoned after the death of Louis XIV. As queen, Marie Leszczyńska performed her ceremonial role in strict accordance with formal court etiquette and regularly and punctually fulfilled all representational duties that the court life at Versailles demanded of her.  Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. He is most remembered for King of France. Louis XV is thus left to his own devices after the successive deaths of his mistress and wife. In 1725, Louis was married to Maria Leczczynska, daughter of the deposed king of Poland. Louis XV was born in the Palace of Versailles on 15 February 1710 during the reign of his great-grandfather Louis XIV. Count . Was his delight at this second match explained in part by the fact that the new bride was a real woman, a few years older than himself, instead of a little girl? Maria's early life was troubled by her father's political misfortune.  In the marriage contract, the same terms were given to her as was previously to the Spanish Infanta, and she was thus guaranteed fifty thousand crowns for rings and jewelry, two hundred and fifty thousand crowns upon her wedding, and the further guarantee of an annual widow allowance of twenty thousand crowns.. In 1714, Charles XII gave them permission to live in his fiefdom of Zweibrücken in the Holy Roman Empire, where they were supported by the income of Zweibrücken: they lived there until the death of Charles XII in 1718. Louis XV is thus left to his own devices after the successive deaths of his mistress and wife. Acceding to the throne in 1715, Louis XV came to be known as “le Bien-Aimé” (the Beloved). 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